“Are we going to retreat or are we going to defend the coast,” Tarr asked. “And if we are going to defend, how are we going to do it?”
The New England Center for Investigative Reporting ( www.necir.org ) is a nonprofit investigative reporting newsroom based at Boston University and WGBH TV/radio and supported in part by New England news outlets. NECIR interns Michael Bottari and Alicia Juang helped research and prepare this report. Follow Beth Daley at @BethBDaley
Conservative estimates are that more than $40 million in federal, state and local funds has been spent to place sand on Massachusetts' public beaches in the last decade.