ALCATRAZ ISLAND, Calif. — The black-and-white photographs show a line of prisoners — some with heads bowed, others with eyes staring forlornly at the camera — as a guard leads them to a boat for their final trip off The Rock.
The striking images were taken on March 21, 1963, the day the infamous prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay was closed after holding the likes of gangsters Al Capone and Mickey Cohen.
Swarms of reporters chronicled the single-file line of departing inmates.
On Thursday, however, the National Park Service unveiled an exhibit of newly discovered photos that depict new details about the final hours of Alcatraz.
The ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the closing was attended by former guard Jim Albright, who can be seen in the photographs in a light gray suit and dark tie, walking the shackled prisoners past reporters.
He had been a guard during two escapes, including the one made famous in the movie “Escape from Alcatraz,” and was keeping an eye open for any funny business involving the prisoners and reporters.
“What I was worried about was that one of these god-darned fools was going to give the inmates something that they could get out of their cuffs with,” Albright, now 77, said. “These were all the worst bad guys. If you messed up somewhere else you came to Alcatraz.”
Alcatraz started as a fortress and became an Army disciplinary barracks before the Bureau of Prisons took it over in 1934 to house America’s most notorious criminals.
U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy signed an order in 1962 to close the prison due to its expensive upkeep and its prime location in the bay.
Nine years later, Alcatraz became a national park and one of California’s most popular tourist attractions with about 1.5 million visitors a year.