Morley Piper was 20 years old and had been in the Army for two years when he found himself lurching in a small boat in the English Channel about 3 miles off the coast of Normandy.
It was June 6, 1944 — D-Day — and Piper was one of more than 160,000 Allied forces preparing to surge their way into Nazi-occupied Europe.
“At about 3:30 in the morning we clamored down big rope ladders into rough seas,” said Piper, 89, of Essex. “There were lots of wind and waves. We loaded into landing craft infantry boats which held 30 soldiers, packed, standing shoulder-to-shoulder.”
Just as dawn was breaking, Piper's boat began moving toward the shore.
“We were supposed to be the second wave, but the first wave was decimated so we were sent in early,” he recalled. “As we headed for shore we could see the fire (from the Germans) coming from the bluffs. Alongside us as far as the eye could see there were big battle ships shelling the shore.”
Piper said he was anxious and fearful during the approach to the beach, but most of all determined.
“I was thinking about how to make it and how to survive. Survival became a top priority,” he said. “We could see boats like ours being shelled. It was a very dicey situation.”
When they reached the beach, the troops realized that they would be even more exposed.
“The tide was coming in as we were landing, so there was a lot of empty beach to cross before we had anything resembling protection,” Piper said. “Fire was coming at us for quite a long time. We never really knew we were safe. We could get behind a little protection, but the mortar shells could still reach us. We were always in danger. The prevalent attitude was that we didn't think we would make it off the beach.”