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Merrimack Valley

July 25, 2013

New RFK documents look into early Cold War

BOSTON (AP) — Newly released papers from Robert F. Kennedy’s tenure as U.S. attorney general offer a window into the Cold War’s early years, when Kennedy and his brother’s administration were consumed with countering the Communist threat worldwide.

In one note, a general frets to Kennedy over putting “the right spirit into bureaucrats” to get them to support part of a broad operation to destabilize Fidel Castro’s Cuba.

Another memo outlines the case for a congressional resolution to repel communism in Southeast Asia, after U.S. reconnaissance planes were shot down over Laos in 1964.

Even Kennedy’s gift of a “striking pair” of gold cufflinks to CIA Director John McCone in 1964 served the cause of defeating communism.

The documents were among 7,500 pages released yesterday from Kennedy’s tenure under his brother from 1961 to 1964.

They range from innocuous letters from ordinary citizens to top-secret CIA reports. A “verbatim translations of a Soviet TOP SECRET training manual” from 1961 is included. Its origins are identified only as “reliable Source (B).”

Some papers allude to documents so sensitive, only the record that they were burned remains.

National Archives officials say the release is part of the 50th anniversary of President Kennedy’s administration. It’s also part of the terms of a 1973 agreement with Robert Kennedy’s wife, Ethel.

In October, the archives and records administration released about 2,700 pages of documents Robert Kennedy collected.

The president’s brother’s influence extended far past the duties of his office, said national archivist David Ferriero.

“As President Kennedy’s attorney general, closest adviser and confidant, Robert F. Kennedy played a vital role in the Kennedy administration’s policy decisions,” he said.

Some papers discuss harrowing conditions in Cuba, including after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961.

“Americans are being hunted, imprisoned, held incommunicado and treated in a manner of the medieval ages in Cuba today,” reads one Department of Justice report from that year.

A letter from President Kennedy, written in the days of the invasion, stresses the need for different approaches. It reads, “It is apparent that we need to take a close look at all our practices and programs in the areas of paramilitary, guerrilla, and anti-guerrilla activity which fall short of outright war.”

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