EagleTribune.com, North Andover, MA

September 18, 2013

More EEE-infected mosquitoes found in N.H.

Spraying planned in many communities

By Doug Ireland
direland@eagletribune.com

---- — NEWTON — Only days after a horse in Derry tested positive for Eastern equine encephalitis, the virus has been found in mosquitoes in Newton.

West Nile virus also turned up in mosquitoes trapped in nearby Raymond, according to Sarah MacGregor of Dragon Mosquito Control.

Newton is just the latest community in Southern New Hampshire to have mosquitoes test positive.

Last week, EEE turned up in a mosquito batch in Sandown and a batch collected in Hampstead tested positive for West Nile virus. EEE was previously found in mosquitoes in Londonderry, Pelham and Kingston.

“It’s breaking out everywhere,” MacGregor said of the virus. “It’s all over Rockingham County and beyond.”

That includes West Chesterfield, where a man tested positive for West Nile virus. He has since recovered.

A frost advisory issued for early yesterday didn’t bring the freeze expected to help combat virus-carrying mosquitoes. It takes two hard freezes to kill the mosquitoes, but MacGregor said she feels more confident when she sees snow in the air.

“I say unless there is snow on the ground, there is still a risk,” she said.

Dragon was to conduct emergency spraying in Sandown and Hampstead last night, Derry tonight, Raymond tomorrow night, and Newton on Friday night, MacGregor said.

“It’s a pretty busy schedule,” she said.

MacGregor said although the overall mosquito population has dwindled in the cooler weather, the mosquitoes that are still around are the species that carry deadly viruses.

She and state health department officials have said anyone going outside at dusk should wear mosquito repellent and long-sleeved clothing.

While MacGregor said the threat of EEE and West Nile is serious this year, it pales in comparison to 2005, 2007 and 2009, when numerous cases were reported.

As of Friday, the state public health lab had tested 4,263 batches of mosquitoes. Thirteen tested positive for EEE and 10 for West Nile, according to Whitney Howe, the state health department’s vector-borne disease surveillance coordinator.

Last year was an active year for West Nile in New Hampshire and nationwide, she said. The state saw 41 mosquito batches test positive for the disease and had one human case.

Nine mosquito batches tested positive for EEE and four animals.

There’s a heightened awareness of the dangers of EEE in Newton, where 20-year-old Kelly Labell contracted the virus in 2005 and died only weeks later.

Newton health officer Robert Leverone said he immediately notified town selectmen and Sanborn Regional School District Superintendent Brian Blake about the EEE when he received notification from the state Department of Health Human Services late Monday afternoon.

“We take it very, very seriously,” Leverone said. “It’s a serious concern.”

But a notice to residents wasn’t posted on the town website until late yesterday afternoon. Leverone had said earlier in the day a notice wasn’t going to be posted until he met with selectmen at their board meeting last night.

“We want to have a plan in place,” he said.

Town officials have previously said Labell’s death took an emotional toll on their small town. Leverone refused to comment on Labell yesterday, saying it was out ot respect for her family.

After Labell’s death, the community rallied in support of raising money to combat EEE. Fundraisers, including a motorcycle run, were organized in her memory. The Kelly Labell Encephalitis Fund and a website were also launched.

The fund was established to provide money and mosquito sprays and wipes to area groups and sports teams.

Labell’s family, who could not be reached for comment yesterday, also helped set up a scholarship fund through the American Committee on Arthropod-Borne Viruses.

The Kelly Labell Student Travel Award is given each year to a graduate student conducting research on EEE or other mosquito-borne diseases.

The scholarship is presented at the organization’s annual meeting in November.